In the following plot you can see what these and other crises — epidemics or wars, for example — meant for the health of the population. The following visualisation shows the child mortality rate for all countries in and several decades later. To read the change for individual countries you can hover with the mouse arrow over the lines. The chart shows the child mortality rate for the entire world population at 4 different points in time. How to read the following graph: On the x-axis you find the cumulative share of the world population. This makes it possible to see the child mortality rate for each country.
Some countries are labelled, but not all. It is also possible to see which share of the world population had a child mortality rate lower than a given level.
Every second child died before the age of 5. The world was clearly divided into developed and developing countries. The rapid progress of the industrialized countries had the consequence that the distribution of global health was hugely unequal. The latest data refers to Global health has improved hugely.
Particularly those countries that had the worst health in the s experienced the most dramatic improvements. China for example reduced its child mortality from The consequence of the faster progress in former developing countries is that global health inequality has fallen since the s. The global average child mortality rate weighted population was Focusing at global inequality we see that in health was bad around the world, in the s the world became unequal, and today we are back to higher equality but on a much higher level. Also noted here is the start and end date by which this was achieved.
Here we see that countries which industrialized rapidly during the 19th century many countries across Europe , it took more than century as high as years in the case of the UK for child mortality to fall from 1-in-3 to 1-in If we look at countries who achieved this in the late 20th or early 21st century, we see that this reduction was much faster. Many across all regions achieved this in under 50 years. South Korea achieved it in only 25 years. Whilst progress may at times seem persistently slow, we see that fast catch-up improvements are possible. The data presented above shows the rate of child deaths.
The absolute number of child deaths also depends on the absolute number of births and is shown in the following chart.
In the late s close to 20 million children died every year. Even though the number of births increased since then, the absolute number of child deaths started to decrease and from annually more than 20 million deaths declined to below 6 million deaths. The annual decrease of this reduction stayed remarkably stable over these five decades. In the period from to the world saw on average , fewer children die every year, while the number of births globally increased slightly.
This means that over these 25 years the number of child deaths fell on average by deaths every single day. In the chart below we show the breakdown of global child deaths by region. Here we see the dramatic decline in child deaths in recent decades: the number of children dying each year has more than halved since This chart shows the decline of child mortality by income level of the country. The scatter plot below shows for each country the child mortality rate in and in It shows that the mortality rate has fallen in each country.
The world visualizes the level of child mortality country by country.
By moving the slider to a later year one can study the global decrease in child mortality. In fact child mortality has decreased in every single country over the last decades. This type of chart is called a treemap, where the area of each box represents the total number of child deaths for each specific cause.
The total colored area represents the total number of child deaths in The lighter-coloured boxes represent the number of deaths by leading causes in There are two major exceptions: the number of deaths from AIDS and the deaths caused by invasive non-typhoidal salmonella iNTS has increased.
Although those numbers were higher in than , the deaths from both causes have been decreasing since their peak in While the total number of child deaths has more than halved from Almost every seventh child who died in died of a lower respiratory infection LRI , which has remained the leading cause of mortality over the past three decades. Pneumonia is the leading LRI.
It is caused primarily by bacterial infections. When we talk about child mortality we usually refer to mortality of children under the age of 5. But of all children who die, most do not come close to their fifth birthday: the younger a child is, the higher the risk of mortality.
Three times as many children die in the first year of their lives than in the next four years. And the majority of children who die in their first year die in the neonatal period , the first 27 days after birth. This trend is worrying, as there are many problems a lack of sleep can cause. So, how can you tell if your child is not sleeping enough?
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Well, there are a few tell-tale signs to look out for:. The last two items on this list could be signs of other problems, like depression or anxiety. However, the first three are almost certainly the result of a lack of sleep. There are many things that can stop us from sleeping.
So, now we know some of the things that keep children awake — what can we do to help them sleep? There are several good habits you can get your child into which should help. There are many of these — some rare, others all too common. There is something else which can disrupt our sleep which, although not a sleep disorder, I think is worth a mention — depression and anxiety. Depression and anxiety are firmly linked to insomnia.
You might notice the lack of sleep before other symptoms, or vice versa.
If you suspect that your child is depressed or anxious then I would recommend talking with them about the issue and, if necessary, seeking medical help. But sleep is vital for our physical health too — especially in children whose brains and bodies are still developing. As well as having worse attendance records due to oversleeping and minor illnesses there are more reasons for this:. So, how much sleep do children need? Tiredness can make children unhappy and dopey; it can lower their concentration levels and make them less able to succeed at school; it can even affect their health.
If your child is not getting enough sleep then I hope this article will help you to tackle the monster that is insomnia — good luck! We have loads of info about all aspects of education and schooling, along with tips and advice on raising happy, healthy and safe children. It's well worth a look. Free Installation. Hover to zoom.
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